Conclusions of the study by the University of Murcia to learn the extent of canine leishmaniasis in the Region, with the collaboration of the City of Yecla and veterinary clinics in our city.
Leishmaniasis is a chronic disease caused by a parasite transmitted by the bite of a mosquito.
The study on canine leishmaniasis in the Region concludes that 17% of dogs in the region and 14% of the region of Yecla, has antibodies against the parasite and therefore is infected and at risk of becoming ill.
The proportion of dogs is similar to other areas of the Mediterranean basin.
During the month of October and November 2011, the University of Murcia conducted a study to determine the extent of canine leishmaniasis in the region, who helped study the city of Yecla and veterinary clinics in our city.
Leishmaniasis is a chronic disease caused by the parasite (Leishmania infantum) that is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito.
It has been shown that the majority of dogs living in endemic areas (such as Yecla) has a high probability of being bitten by mosquitoes infected with Leishmania and throughout his life, but relatively few get sick as a result of it.
Data from the study in Yecla differentiate results according to various characteristics of the dog and place and way of life.
The presence of this disease is minimal in young dogs of small size, urban areas, who stay indoors and those used for necklaces or pipettes preventive insecticide proven efficacy.
By contrast, the risk of leishmaniasis has been detected in most rural areas where the mosquito is most abundant in large dogs or who are usually on the outside, since in such circumstances mosquito activity is highest (during the twilight).
Also detected cases in which no insecticides were used as a preventive measure to avoid mosquito bites.
Nuria Chinchilla, municipal veterinarian has indicated that "there are certain and infallible treatment to prevent leishmaniasis. The effectiveness of current treatments, insecticides and recent preventive vaccine," leiscan "- no more than 70%.
Therefore, and in view of the findings of this study, recommended canine leishmaniasis control measures such as avoiding the dog outside overnight, so far as possible minimizes the risk of mosquito bites.
It is advisable to use effective preventive insecticides (pipettes or necklaces), vaccination of dogs living in rural areas and the use of effective treatments for sick animals, preventing them from infecting others.
Source: Ayuntamiento de Yecla